CT Predictors of Unfavorable Clinical Outcomes of Acute Right Colonic Diverticulitis.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Dec;209(6):1263-1271. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.17869. Epub 2017 Oct 5. Kim DH1,2, Kim HJ1, Jang SK1, Yeon JW1, Shin KS3.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess CT predictors of unfavorable outcomes of medical treatment in patients with right colonic diverticulitis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 394 patients with right colonic diverticulitis diagnosed on the basis of CT findings from January 2010 through August 2013, we included 328 (190 men, 138 women; mean age, 41.3 ± 12.6 years) who had undergone medical treatment as inpatients. Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed the following CT findings associated with diverticulitis: number of diverticula per 10 cm of colon; length and thickness of affected colonic wall; diameter of inflamed diverticulum and abscess; presence of pericolic fluid collection, spilled feces, and contained air; and extent of fatty infiltration. Logistic regression analysis and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to determine significant variables predictive of unfavorable outcomes, including surgery after failed medical treatment, recurrence, and prolonged hospital stay.
RESULTS: Of the 328 patients, nine underwent surgery after failed medical treatment. Of the other 319 patients, 35 had recurrence and 49 had a prolonged hospital stay. The spilled feces sign (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 111; p < 0.001) and serum WBC count (adjusted OR, 1.3; p = 0.047) were independent predictors of the need for surgery. More than five multiple diverticula per 10 cm of colon was significantly associated with recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio, 4.1; p < 0.001). Abscess larger than 4 cm (adjusted OR, 18.2; p = 0.01) and inflamed diverticulum larger than 2 cm (adjusted OR, 3.7; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of prolonged hospital stay.
CONCLUSION: Some specific CT findings can be useful predictors of unfavorable clinical outcomes of right colonic diverticulitis.